資訊中心 > 產品文獻集 > Cardiovascular Research (23)

  ✔本篇論文使用華聯產品:Human miRNA OneArray  
 Atherosclerosis. 2013 Mar 15. doi: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2013.01.036 .
 A functional polymorphism of PON1 interferes with microRNA binding to increase the risk of ischemic stroke and carotid atherosclerosis 
 Mu-en Liu, Yi-chu Liao, Ruey-tay Lin, Yung-song Wang, Edward His, Hsiu-fen Lin, Ku-chung Chen, Suh-hang Hank Juo
  Abstract
Objective: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located at microRNA (miRNA) binding sites (miRSNPs) can affect the expression of genes. This study aimed to identify the miR-SNPs associated with atherosclerosis and stroke.

Methods: Patients with ischemic stroke (n =657) and stroke- and myocardial infarction-free volunteers (n =1571) were enrolled. The carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) was measured in the control participants. Seventy-nine stroke susceptibility genes were initially selected and 13 genes were predicted to have miR-SNPs at their 3'untranslated regions (3¡¦UTR). The miRNA arrays were used to further identify potential miR-SNPs. The miR-SNP rs3735590 at the paraoxonase 1 (PON1) gene was finally selected and its associations with stroke and carotid IMT were evaluated. The 3¡¦UTR reporter and SNP functional assays were then performed to validate the results.

Results: Compared with CC genotype, patients with CT or TT genotype at rs3735590 had lower risk of ischemic stroke (OR =0.72, p =0.036; OR =0.83, p =0.077, respectively). Among the healthy participants, the CT or TT genotype was associated with thinner IMT in the internal carotid arteries in comparison with CC genotype (£]=-0.76, p =0.003; £]=- 0.022, p =0.452, respectively). Our findings suggested that the minor allele T had a protective effect on atherosclerosis. Results from 3¡¦UTR reporter assays showed that PON1 is a direct target gene of miR-616. In plasmid constructs carrying the risk allele C at rs3735590, miR-616 inhibited the genetic expression of PON1. However, substitution of C by T at rs3735590 reduced the miR-616 binding affinity, leading to overexpression of the PON1 gene.

Conclusion: Our study is the first to show that the miR-SNP at PON1 could affect genetic expression and is associated with an elevated risk for ischemic stroke and subclinical atherosclerosis.
   

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  ✔本篇論文使用華聯產品:Human OneArray  
 Bmc Cancer. DOI 10.1186/s12885-015-1671-5.
 Upregulation of MicroRNA-19b predicts good prognosis in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma presenting with vascular invasion or multifocal disease
 
 
 
  Abstract
Background After surgical resection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), recurrence is common, especially in patients presenting with vascular invasion or multifocal disease after curative surgery. Consequently, we examined the expression pattern and prognostic value of miR-19b in samples from these patients. Methods We performed a miRNA microarray to detect differential expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) in 5 paired samples of HCC and non-tumoral adjacent liver tissue and a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis to validate the results in 81 paired samples of HCC and adjacent non-tumoral liver tissues. We examined the associations of miR-19b expression with clinicopathological parameters and survival. MiR-19b was knocked down in Hep3B and an mRNA microarray was performed to detect the affected genes. Results In both the miRNA microarray and real-time PCR, miR-19b was significantly overexpressed in the HCC tumor compared with adjacent non-tumor liver tissues (P < 0.001). The expression of miR-19b was significantly higher in patients who were disease-free 2 years after surgery (P < 0.001). High miR-19b expression levels were associated with higher α-fetoprotein levels (P = 0.017). In the log-rank test, high miR-19b was associated with better disease-free survival (median survival 37.107 vs. 11.357; P = 0.022). In Cox multivariate analysis, high miR-19b predicted better disease-free survival and overall survival (hazards ratio [HR] = 0.453, 95 % confidence interval [CI] = 0.245–0.845, P = 0.013; HR = 0.318, CI = 0.120–0.846, P = 0.022, respectively). N-myc downstream regulated 1 (NDRG1) was downregulated, while epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EPCAM), hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF1A), high-mobility group protein B2 (HMGB2), and mitogen activated protein kinase 14 (MAPK14) were upregulated when miR-19b was knocked down in Hep3B. Conclusions The overexpression of miR-19b was significantly correlated with better disease-free and overall survival in patients with HCC presenting with vascular invasion or multifocal disease after curative surgery. MiR-19b may influence the expression of NDRG1, EPCAM, HMGB2, HIF1A, and MAPK14.
   

  ✔本篇論文使用華聯產品:Human OneArray  
 Amino Acids. doi: 10.1007/s00726-015-1956-7. Epub 2015 Mar 24..
 Homocysteine thiolactone and N-homocysteinylated protein induce pro-atherogenic changes in gene expression in human vascular endothelial cells
 
 
 
  Abstract
Genetic or nutritional deficiencies in homocysteine (Hcy) metabolism lead to hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) and cause endothelial dysfunction, a hallmark of atherosclerosis. In addition to Hcy, related metabolites accumulate in HHcy but their role in endothelial dysfunction is unknown. Here, we examine how Hcy-thiolactone, N-Hcy-protein, and Hcy affect gene expression and molecular pathways in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. We used microarray technology, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and bioinformatic analysis with PANTHER, DAVID, and Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) resources. We identified 47, 113, and 30 mRNAs regulated by N-Hcy-protein, Hcy-thiolactone, and Hcy, respectively, and found that each metabolite induced a unique pattern of gene expression. Top molecular pathways affected by Hcy-thiolactone were chromatin organization, one-carbon metabolism, and lipid-related processes [−log(P value) = 20–31]. Top pathways affected by N-Hcy-protein and Hcy were blood coagulation, sulfur amino acid metabolism, and lipid metabolism [−log(P value)] = 4–11; also affected by Hcy-thiolactone, [−log(P value) = 8–14]. Top disease related to Hcy-thiolactone, N-Hcy-protein, and Hcy was ‘atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease’ [−log(P value) = 9–16]. Top-scored biological networks affected by Hcy-thiolactone (score = 34–40) were cardiovascular disease and function; those affected by N-Hcy-protein (score = 24–35) were ‘small molecule biochemistry, neurological disease,’ and ‘cardiovascular system development and function’; and those affected by Hcy (score = 25–37) were ‘amino acid metabolism, lipid metabolism,’ ‘cellular movement, and cardiovascular and nervous system development and function.’ These results indicate that each Hcy metabolite uniquely modulates gene expression in pathways important for vascular homeostasis and identify new genes and pathways that are linked to HHcy-induced endothelial dysfunction and vascular disease.
   

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  ✔本篇論文使用華聯產品:Human miRNA OneArray  
 Plos Genetics. PLOS Genetics doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1005726.
 fMiRNA-192 and miRNA-204 Directly Suppress lncRNA HOTTIP and Interrupt GLS1-Mediated Glutaminolysis in Hepatocellular Carcinoma
 
 
 
  Abstract
Accumulated evidence demonstrated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a pivotal role in tumorigenesis. However, it is still largely unknown how these lncRNAs were regulated by small ncRNAs, such as microRNAs (miRNAs), at the post-transcriptional level. We here use lncRNA HOTTIP as an example to study how miRNAs impact lncRNAs expression and its biological significance in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). LncRNA HOTTIP is a vital oncogene in HCC, one of the deadliest cancers worldwide. In the current study, we identified miR-192 and miR-204 as two microRNAs (miRNAs) suppressing HOTTIP expression via the Argonaute 2 (AGO2)-mediated RNA interference (RNAi) pathway in HCC. Interaction between miR-192 or miR-204 and HOTTIP were further confirmed using dual luciferase reporter gene assays. Consistent with this notion, a significant negative correlation between these miRNAs and HOTTIP exists in HCC tissue specimens. Interestingly, the dysregulation of the three ncRNAs was associated with overall survival of HCC patients. In addition, the posttranscriptional silencing of HOTTIP by miR-192, miR-204 or HOTTIP siRNAs could significantly suppress viability of HCC cells. On the contrary, antagonizing endogenous miR-192 or miR-204 led to increased HOTTIP expression and stimulated cell proliferation. In vivo mouse xenograft model also support the tumor suppressor role of both miRNAs. Besides the known targets (multiple 5’ end HOX A genes, i.e. HOXA13), glutaminase (GLS1) was identified as a potential downstream target of the miR-192/-204-HOTTIP axis in HCC. Considering glutaminolysis as a crucial hallmark of cancer cells and significantly inhibited cell viability after silencingGLS1, we speculate that the miR-192/-204-HOTTIP axis may interrupt HCC glutaminolysis through GLS1 inhibition. These results elucidate that the miR-192/-204-HOTTIP axis might be an important molecular pathway during hepatic cell tumorigenesis. Our data in clinical HCC samples highlight miR-192, miR-204 and HOTTIP with prognostic and potentially therapeutic
   

  ✔本篇論文使用華聯產品:Human miRNA OneArray  
 Prostate. doi: 10.1002/pros.23068. Epub 2015 Aug 26..
 Hsa-miR-146a-5p modulates androgen-independent prostate cancer cells apoptosis by targeting ROCK1
 
 
 
  Abstract
Background MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been demonstrated playing important roles in the procession of prostate cancer cells transformation from androgen-dependence to androgen-independence. Methods We conducted the miRNA microarray and realtime PCR analyses in both androgen-dependent (ADPC) and androgen-independent prostate cancer (AIPC) tissues. We also explored the role of hsa-miR-146a-5p (miR-146a) in MSKCC prostate cancer clinical database. Moreover, the impact of miR-146a on prostate cancer cells apoptosis were detected by Hoechst staining and fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS). Its target is predicted by DIANA LAB online database and the result was assumed by western blotting and luciferase assay. Results We demonstrated that miR-146a was down-regulated in AIPC tissues and cell lines compared to that in the ADPC tissues. In MSKCC data re-analyses, we found that miR-146a was underexpressed in metastatic prostate cancer tissues and those with Gleason score >8, moreover, low level of miR-146a represented a high biochemical relapse rate after radical prostatectomy. In the functional analyses, we transfected miR-146a mimics into CPRC cell lines and found miR-146a induced cells apoptosis. In mechanic analyses, we found that miR-146a inhibited the basal level of Rho-associated, coiled-coil containing protein kinase 1 (ROCK1) expression by targeting its 3'UTR and an inverse correlation of expression between miR-146a and ROCK1 was observed. Moreover, caspase 3 activity was stimulated by miR-146a overexpression. Conclusion miR-146a has a critical role in the process of AIPC prostate cancer cells apoptosis through regulation of ROCK/Caspase 3 pathway. Targeting this pathway may be a promising therapeutic strategy for future personalized anti-cancer treatment.