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  ✔本篇論文使用華聯產品:Human OneArray  
 Systems Biology In Reproductive Medicine. 2010, 56(4):318-26. doi: 10.3109/19396361003646109.
 Expression Profiling of Protein Tyrosine Kinases and Their Ligand Activators in Leiomyoma Uteri. 
 Yong Jiang, Guangli Suo, Anil Sadarangani, Bryan Cowan, Jean Y. J. Wang.
  Abstract
The aim of this study is to compare the expression patterns of tyrosine kinases and their ligand activators between matched myometrium and leiomyoma tissues. Total RNA extracted from 42 pairs of matched leiomyomal and adjacent myometrial tissues were hybridized to a set of 840 customized oligonucleotide microarrays to compare the expression profiles of 244 selected human genes including 90 tyrosine kinases and 103 ligands. Among the 244 genes surveyed, 38 were found to exhibit differential expression between pairs of myometrium and leiomyoma tissues. Clustering analysis of the expression ratios of these 38 genes from 42 pairs of samples led to the subdivision of fibroid samples into three groups, based in principle on the expression ratios of two peptide ligands, CYR61 and EFNA4. Real-time quantitative RT-PCR measurements of an additional 32 pairs of samples further confirmed the three subgroups. The altered expression of ligand activators between myometrium and leiomyoma suggest that tyrosine kinases regulated by CYR61 and EFNA4 may be exploited as therapeutic targets to develop non-surgical treatments of symptomatic leiomyomas.
   

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  ✔本篇論文使用華聯產品:Mouse&Rat miRNA OneArray  
 Cellular And Molecular Biology Letters. DOI: 10.1515/cmble-2015-0034.
 Mechanical Strain Affects Some Microrna Profiles in Pre-Oeteoblasts
 
 
 
  Abstract
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulators of cell proliferation, differentiation and function. Mechanical strain is an essential factor for osteoblast proliferation and differentiation. A previous study revealed that a physiological mechanical tensile strain of 2500 microstrain (με) at 0.5 Hz applied once a day for 1 h over 3 consecutive days promoted osteoblast differentiation. However, the mechanoresponsive miRNAs of these osteoblasts were not identified. In this study, we applied the same mechanical tensile strain to in vitro cultivated mouse MC3T3-E1 pre-osteoblasts and identified the mechanoresponsive miRNAs. Using miRNA microarray and qRT-PCR assays, the expression patterns of miRNAs were evaluated and 5 of them were found to be significantly different between the mechanical loading group and the control group: miR-3077-5p, 3090-5p and 3103-5p were significantly upregulated and miR-466i-3p and 466h-3p were downregulated. Bioinformatics analysis revealed possible target genes for these differentially expressed miRNAs. Some target genes correlated with osteoblast differentiation. These findings indicated that the mechanical strain changed the expression levels of these miRNAs. This might be a potential regulator of osteoblast differentiation and responses to mechanical strain.
   

  ✔本篇論文使用華聯產品:Mouse OneArray  
 Science Signaling. 2015, 8(375):ra41. doi: 10.1126/scisignal.2005781.
 Actin cytoskeletal remodeling with protrusion formation is essential for heart regeneration in Hippo-deficient mice
 
 
 Yuka Morikawa, Min Zhang, Todd Heallen, John Leach, Ge Tao, Yang Xiao, Yan Bai, Wei Li, James T. Willerson, James F. Martin
  Abstract
The mammalian heart regenerates poorly, and damage commonly leads to heart failure. Hippo signaling is an evolutionarily conserved kinase cascade that regulates organ size during development and prevents adult mammalian cardiomyocyte regeneration by inhibiting the transcriptional coactivator Yap, which also responds to mechanical signaling in cultured cells to promote cell proliferation. To identify Yap target genes that are activated during cardiomyocyte renewal and regeneration, we performed Yap chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-Seq) and mRNA expression profiling in Hippo signaling¡Vdeficient mouse hearts. We found that Yap directly regulated genes encoding cell cycle progression proteins, as well as genes encoding proteins that promote F-actin polymerization and that link the actin cytoskeleton to the extracellular matrix. Included in the latter group were components of the dystrophin glycoprotein complex, a large molecular complex that, when defective, results in muscular dystrophy in humans. Cardiomyocytes near the scar tissue of injured Hippo signaling¡Vdeficient mouse hearts showed cellular protrusions suggestive of cytoskeletal remodeling. The hearts of mdx mutant mice, which lack functional dystrophin and are a model for muscular dystrophy, showed impaired regeneration and cytoskeleton remodeling, but normal cardiomyocyte proliferation, after injury. Our data showed that, in addition to genes encoding cell cycle progression proteins, Yap regulated genes that enhance cytoskeletal remodeling. Thus, blocking the Hippo pathway input to Yap may tip the balance so that Yap responds to mechanical changes associated with heart injury to promote repair.
   

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  ✔本篇論文使用華聯產品:Human OneArray  
 Bmc Cancer. DOI 10.1186/s12885-015-1671-5.
 Upregulation of MicroRNA-19b predicts good prognosis in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma presenting with vascular invasion or multifocal disease
 
 
 
  Abstract
Background After surgical resection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), recurrence is common, especially in patients presenting with vascular invasion or multifocal disease after curative surgery. Consequently, we examined the expression pattern and prognostic value of miR-19b in samples from these patients. Methods We performed a miRNA microarray to detect differential expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) in 5 paired samples of HCC and non-tumoral adjacent liver tissue and a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis to validate the results in 81 paired samples of HCC and adjacent non-tumoral liver tissues. We examined the associations of miR-19b expression with clinicopathological parameters and survival. MiR-19b was knocked down in Hep3B and an mRNA microarray was performed to detect the affected genes. Results In both the miRNA microarray and real-time PCR, miR-19b was significantly overexpressed in the HCC tumor compared with adjacent non-tumor liver tissues (P < 0.001). The expression of miR-19b was significantly higher in patients who were disease-free 2 years after surgery (P < 0.001). High miR-19b expression levels were associated with higher α-fetoprotein levels (P = 0.017). In the log-rank test, high miR-19b was associated with better disease-free survival (median survival 37.107 vs. 11.357; P = 0.022). In Cox multivariate analysis, high miR-19b predicted better disease-free survival and overall survival (hazards ratio [HR] = 0.453, 95 % confidence interval [CI] = 0.245–0.845, P = 0.013; HR = 0.318, CI = 0.120–0.846, P = 0.022, respectively). N-myc downstream regulated 1 (NDRG1) was downregulated, while epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EPCAM), hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF1A), high-mobility group protein B2 (HMGB2), and mitogen activated protein kinase 14 (MAPK14) were upregulated when miR-19b was knocked down in Hep3B. Conclusions The overexpression of miR-19b was significantly correlated with better disease-free and overall survival in patients with HCC presenting with vascular invasion or multifocal disease after curative surgery. MiR-19b may influence the expression of NDRG1, EPCAM, HMGB2, HIF1A, and MAPK14.
   

  ✔本篇論文使用華聯產品:Human OneArray  
 Amino Acids. doi: 10.1007/s00726-015-1956-7. Epub 2015 Mar 24..
 Homocysteine thiolactone and N-homocysteinylated protein induce pro-atherogenic changes in gene expression in human vascular endothelial cells
 
 
 
  Abstract
Genetic or nutritional deficiencies in homocysteine (Hcy) metabolism lead to hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) and cause endothelial dysfunction, a hallmark of atherosclerosis. In addition to Hcy, related metabolites accumulate in HHcy but their role in endothelial dysfunction is unknown. Here, we examine how Hcy-thiolactone, N-Hcy-protein, and Hcy affect gene expression and molecular pathways in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. We used microarray technology, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and bioinformatic analysis with PANTHER, DAVID, and Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) resources. We identified 47, 113, and 30 mRNAs regulated by N-Hcy-protein, Hcy-thiolactone, and Hcy, respectively, and found that each metabolite induced a unique pattern of gene expression. Top molecular pathways affected by Hcy-thiolactone were chromatin organization, one-carbon metabolism, and lipid-related processes [−log(P value) = 20–31]. Top pathways affected by N-Hcy-protein and Hcy were blood coagulation, sulfur amino acid metabolism, and lipid metabolism [−log(P value)] = 4–11; also affected by Hcy-thiolactone, [−log(P value) = 8–14]. Top disease related to Hcy-thiolactone, N-Hcy-protein, and Hcy was ‘atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease’ [−log(P value) = 9–16]. Top-scored biological networks affected by Hcy-thiolactone (score = 34–40) were cardiovascular disease and function; those affected by N-Hcy-protein (score = 24–35) were ‘small molecule biochemistry, neurological disease,’ and ‘cardiovascular system development and function’; and those affected by Hcy (score = 25–37) were ‘amino acid metabolism, lipid metabolism,’ ‘cellular movement, and cardiovascular and nervous system development and function.’ These results indicate that each Hcy metabolite uniquely modulates gene expression in pathways important for vascular homeostasis and identify new genes and pathways that are linked to HHcy-induced endothelial dysfunction and vascular disease.