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  ✔本篇論文使用華聯產品:Human OneArray  
 BMC Genomics. 2015, 16:156. doi: 10.1186/s12864-015-1356-0.
 Deregulation of sertoli and leydig cells function in patients with klinefelter syndrome as evidenced by testis transcriptome analysis 
 Marco D¡¦Aurora, Alberto Ferlin, Marta Di Nicola, Andrea Garolla, Luca De Toni, Sara Franchi, Giandomenico Palka, Carlo Foresta, Liborio Stuppia, Valentina Gatta
Background: Klinefelter Syndrome (KS) is the most common abnormality of sex chromosomes (47,XXY) and represents the first genetic cause of male infertility. Mechanisms leading to KS testis degeneration are still not completely defined but considered to be mainly the result of germ cells loss. In order to unravel the molecular basis of global testis dysfunction in KS patients, we performed a transcriptome analysis on testis biopsies obtained from 6 azoospermic non-mosaic KS patients and 3 control subjects. Results: The analysis found that, compared to controls, KS patients showed the differential up- and down-expression of 656 and 247 transcripts. The large majority of the deregulated transcripts were expressed by Sertoli cells (SCs) and Leydig cells (LCs). Functional analysis of the deregulated transcripts indicated changes of genes involved in cell death, inflammatory response, lipid metabolism, steroidogenesis, blood-testis-barrier formation and maintenance, as well as spermatogenesis failure. Conclusions: Taken together, present data highlight the modulation of hundreds of genes in the somatic components of KS patient testis. The increased LCs steroidogenic function together with the impairment of inflammatory pathways and BTB structure, result in increased apoptosis. These findings may represent a critical roadmap for therapeutic intervention and prevention of KS-related testis failure.

  ✔本篇論文使用華聯產品:Mouse OneArray  
 PLoS One. 2015, 10(2):e112716. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0112716. eCollection 2015.
 Inhibited Wnt Signaling Causes Age-Dependent Abnormalities in the Bone Matrix Mineralization in the Apert Syndrome FGFR2S252W/+ Mice
 Li Zhang, Peng Chen, Lin Chen, Tujun Weng, Shichang Zhang, Xia Zhou, Luchuan Liu, Bo Zhang
Apert syndrome (AS) is a type of autosomal dominant disease characterized by premature fusion of the cranial sutures, severe syndactyly, and other abnormalities in internal organs. Approximately 70% of AS cases are caused by a single mutation, S252W, in fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2). Two groups have generated FGFR2 knock-in mice Fgfr2S252W/+ that exhibit features of AS. During the present study of AS using the Fgfr2S252W/+ mouse model, an age-related phenotype of bone homeostasis was discovered. The long bone mass was lower in 2 month old mutant mice than in age-matched controls but higher in 5 month old mutant mice. This unusual phenotype suggested that bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), which are vital to maintain bone homeostasis, might be involved. BMSCs were isolated from Fgfr2S252W/+ mice and found that S252W mutation could impair osteogenic differentiation BMSCs but enhance mineralization of more mature osteoblasts. A microarray analysis revealed that Wnt pathway inhibitors SRFP1/2/4 were up-regulated in mutant BMSCs. This work provides evidence to show that the Wnt/£]-catenin pathway is inhibited in both mutant BMSCs and osteoblasts, and differentiation defects of these cells can be ameliorated by Wnt3a treatment. The present study suggested that the bone abnormalities caused by deregulation of Wnt pathway may underlie the symptoms of AS.

  ✔本篇論文使用華聯產品:Human OneArray  
 American Journal of Hypertension. 2014 Jan 11. doi:10.1093/ajh/hpt239.
 A Three-Stage Genome-Wide Association Study Combining Multilocus Test and Gene Expression Analysis for Young-Onset Hypertension in Taiwan Han Chinese
 Kuang-Mao Chiang, Hsin-Chou Yang, Yu-Jen Liang, Jaw-Wen Chen, Shiaw-Min Hwang, Hung-Yun Ho, Chih-Tai Ting, Tsung-Hsien Lin, Sheng-Hsiung Sheu, Wei-Chuan Tsai, Jyh-Hong Chen, Hsin-Bang Leu, Wei-Hsian Yin, Ting-Yu Chiu, Chin-Iuan Chen, Shing-Jong Lin, G. Neil Thomas, Brian Tomlinson, Youling Guo, Hong-Sheng Gui, Pak Chung Sham, Tai-Hing Lam, Wen-Harn Pan
BACKGROUND: Although many large-scale genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have been performed, only a few studies have successfully identified replicable, large-impact hypertension loci; even fewer studies have been done on Chinese subjects. Young-onset hypertension (YOH) is considered to be a more promising target disorder to investigate than late-onset hypertension because of its stronger genetic component. METHODS: To map YOH genetic variants, we performed a 3-stage study combining 1st-stage multilocus GWASs, 2nd-stage gene expression analysis, and 3rd-stage multilocus confirmatory study. RESULTS: In the 1st stage, Illumina550K data from 400 case-control pairs were used, and 22 genes flanked by 14 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) septets (P values adjusted for false discovery rate (pFDR) < 3.16¡Ñ10-7) were identified. In the 2nd stage, differential gene expression analysis was carried out for these genes, and 5 genes were selected (pFDR < 0.05). In the 3rd stage, we re-examined the finding with an independent set of 592 case-control pairs and with the joint samples (n = 992 case-control pairs). A total of 6 SNP septets flanking C1orf135, GSN, LARS, and ACTN4 remained significant in all 3 stages. Among them, the same septet flanking ACTN4 was also associated with blood pressure traits in the Hong Kong Hypertension Study (HKHS) and in the Wellcome Trust Case-Control Consortium Hypertension Study (WTCCCHS). LARS was detected in the HKHS, but not in the WTCCCHS. GSN may be specific to Taiwanese individuals because it was not found by either the HKHS or the WTCCCHS. CONCLUSIONS: Our study identified 4 previously unknown YOH loci in Han Chinese. Identification of these genes enriches the hypertension susceptibility gene list, thereby shedding light on the etiology of hypertension in Han Chinese.

  ✔本篇論文使用華聯產品:Human OneArray  
 Addiction Biology. 2011 Oct 13. doi: 10.1111/j.1369-1600.2011.00390.x.
 Comparative gene expression profiling analysis of lymphoblastoid cells reveals neuron-specific enolase gene (ENO2) as a susceptibility gene of heroin dependence
 Ding-Lieh Liao, Min-Chih Cheng, Chih-Hao Lai, Hui-Ju Tsai, Chia-Hsiang Chen
Heroin dependence is a complex mental disorder resulting from interactions between genetic and environmental factors. Identifying the susceptibility genes of heroin dependence is the basis for understanding the pathogenesis of heroin dependence. Using a total gene expression microarray, we detected 924 differentially expressed gene transcripts in lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) between 19 male heroin-dependent individuals and 20 male control subjects, including 279 upregulated and 645 downregulated gene transcripts in heroin-dependent individuals. We verified the reduced expression of the neuron-specific enolase gene (ENO2) in heroin-dependent individuals using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis. We further compared the allele and genotype frequencies of three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs, rs11064464, rs3213433 and rs10849541) of the ENO2 gene between 532 male heroin-dependent individuals and 369 male controls. No significant differences in the allele or genotype frequencies of these three SNPs were detected between these two groups. Nevertheless, we identified a haplotype (T-C-G) derived from these three SNPs significantly underrepresented in heroin-dependent individuals compared with the control group (72.7% versus 75.9%, P?

  ✔本篇論文使用華聯產品:Human OneArray  
 Platelets. 2009, 20(5):289-96. doi: 10.1080/09537100902993022.
 Clinical manifestation and molecular genetic characterization of MYH9 disorders.
 Vera Geierova, Tereza Kumstyrova, Roman Kotlin, Dana Mikulenkova, Kamila Zurkova, Vaclav Matoska, Ingrid Hrachovinova, Simon Rittich, Dana Provaznikova
Currently, the May-Hegglin anomaly (MHA), Sebastian (SBS), Fechtner (FTNS) and Epstein (EPS) syndrome are considered to be distinct clinical manifestations of a single disease caused by mutations of the MYH9 gene encoding the heavy chain of non-muscle myosin IIA (NMMHC-IIA). Manifestations of these disorders include giant platelets, thrombocytopenia and combinations of the presence of granulocyte inclusions, deafness, cataracts and renal failure. We examined 15 patients from 10 unrelated families on whom we performed immunostaining of NMMHC-IIA in blood samples. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of selected exons of the MYH9 gene revealed mutations in nine samples with one novel mutation. Results of fluorescence and mutational analysis were compared with clinical manifestations of the MYH9 disorder. We also determined the number of glycoprotein sites on the surface of platelets. Most patients had an increased number of glycoproteins, which could be due to platelet size.

  ✔本篇論文使用華聯產品:Human OneArray  
 Genomics & Informatics. 2008, 6(3):126-129.
 CGHscape: A Software Framework for the Detection and Visualization of Copy Number Alterations.
 Yong-Bok Jeong, Tae-Min Kim, Yeun- Jun Chung
The robust identification and comprehensive profiling of copy number alterations (CNAs) is highly challenging. The amount of data obtained from high-throughput technologies such as array-based comparative genomic hybridization is often too large and it is required to develop a comprehensive and versatile tool for the detection and visualization of CNAs in a genome-wide scale. With this respective, we introduce a software framework, CGHscape that was originally developed to explore the CNAs for the study of copy number variation (CNV) or tumor biology. As a standalone program, CGHscape can be easily installed and run in Microsoft Windows platform. With a user-friendly interface, CGHscape provides a method for data smoothing to cope with the intrinsic noise of array data and CNA detection based on SW-ARRAY algorithm. The analysis results can be demonstrated as log2 plots for individual chromosomes or genomic distribution of identified CNAs. With extended applicability, CGHscape can be used for the initial screening and visualization of CNAs facilitating the cataloguing and characterizing chromosomal alterations of a cohort of samples.