華聯產品: Human OneArray
An essential role for DNA methyltransferase 3a in melanoma tumorigenesis.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 2009, 387(3):611-6. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2009.07.093
Abnormal DNA methylation and associated silencing of tumor suppressor genes are common to many types of cancers. Among the three coordinate DNA methyltransferases (Dnmts), Dnmt1 and Dnmt3b were both shown to be important for cancer cell survival and tumorigenesis. However, the relationship between Dnmt3a and tumorigenesis is still largely unknown. Here, we show that inhibition of Dnmt3a expression, by stable transfection of a Dnmt3a-RNA interference (RNAi) construct dramatically inhibited melanoma growth and metastasis in mouse melanoma models. Microarray analysis revealed that genes critical for the tumor immune response, were implicated in the inhibition of melanoma growth. Expression of a cluster of class I and class II MHC genes, class II transactivator (Ciita), as well as a subset of 5 chemokines (Cxcl9, Cxcl16, Ccl12, Ccl4, and Ccl2) were up-regulated. Furthermore, we determined that the promoter IV of Ciita was significantly demethylated in Dnmt3a-depleted tumors. In addition, several known tumor-related genes, which are critical for developmental processes and cell cycle, were confirmed to be misregulated, including TgfB1, Socs1, Socs2, E2F6, Ccne1, and Cyr61. The results presented in this report strongly suggest that Dnmt3a plays an essential role in melanoma tumorigenesis, and that the underlying mechanisms include the modulation of the tumor immune response, as well as other processes.
華聯產品: Mouse OneArray
Clinical manifestation and molecular genetic characterization of MYH9 disorders.
Platelets 2009, 20(5):289-96. doi: 10.1080/09537100902993022
Currently, the May-Hegglin anomaly (MHA), Sebastian (SBS), Fechtner (FTNS) and Epstein (EPS) syndrome are considered to be distinct clinical manifestations of a single disease caused by mutations of the MYH9 gene encoding the heavy chain of non-muscle myosin IIA (NMMHC-IIA). Manifestations of these disorders include giant platelets, thrombocytopenia and combinations of the presence of granulocyte inclusions, deafness, cataracts and renal failure. We examined 15 patients from 10 unrelated families on whom we performed immunostaining of NMMHC-IIA in blood samples. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of selected exons of the MYH9 gene revealed mutations in nine samples with one novel mutation. Results of fluorescence and mutational analysis were compared with clinical manifestations of the MYH9 disorder. We also determined the number of glycoprotein sites on the surface of platelets. Most patients had an increased number of glycoproteins, which could be due to platelet size.